The contribution of Muslims to science and their achievements mentioned in this section are meant only to serve as examples and should be understood as merely representative of the overall development of science.
Before Islam, the Arabs had a rudimentary knowledge of history was limited to the records of the local tribes and territories. Islam motivates individuals to think and acquire education. Muslims are ordered to interact with others to carry the message of Islam to them. In order to achieve this, the Muslim are ordered to build their material capability. The Khalif is responsible to utilize any means to take care of the affairs of the people. Therefore, all of these help to initiate the technological achievements among the Muslims.
From the early days of Islam, the muslims of all regions in general, and those of Arabia in particular, traveled, extensively through the plains, hills, rivers, oceans, forests, and deserts in connections with jihad, hajj, and trade. In the course of their life, they collected information on social, political, histirical, economical, geographical, and agricultural conditions of land they visited or settled in.
As a consequence of the collection of such information, sciences such as history and geography became rich. During those days, the travel was tedious and hazardous because there were no means of transportation except animals, and regular roads existed, yet, the Muslims traveled extensively through all kinds of terrain.